Categories of young people we assist:

Guardianship of the Minister

The young person resides with foster parents/alternative caregivers/in secure care as determined by Families SA/Young Person Court of SA. Support for this cohort of students is to be prioritised.

Juvenile Justice

The young person has had contact with the Juvenile Justice System, through Formal Caution, Family Conference, or the Youth Court. Support for this cohort of students is to be prioritised.

Learning Challenges

The young person does not achieve in the mainstream learning environment, because of conflict with teachers, or incompatibility with the processes and systems set up around group learning in a classroom environment etc.

Socially Challenged

The young person struggles to interact, integrate, is on the outer of social networks and friendships, excluded or a loner leading to a risk of disengaging or failing to achieve.

Bullied/Self Esteem Issues

The young person has been bullied, excluded, alienated, harassed, ill treated etc, to an extent that their capacity to attend school and engage are hampered. They may also show signs of poor self esteem and low self worth, displayed through reckless/risky behaviour.


The young person displays other factors suggesting they may be at risk of disengaging due to health/wellbeing, eg pregnancy, self harming, nourishment, exhaustion.


The young person has frequently transferred between schools or localities demonstrating likelihood of further transience and instability around learning/engagement.

Behaviour Management

The young person has a history of ‘minor behavioural issues’ within schooling, including suspension, exclusion, restart, disciplinary action. This does not include acts of violence and severe behavioural issues.

Cultural Challenges

The young person is of a cultural background which places them on the outer socially and academically. All ATSI students would be automatically deemed to fit these criteria given the comprehensive data associated with retention and engagement of ATSI students and other action plans relating to their retention.

Mental Health

The young person is experiencing emotional, behavioural and/or psychological problems

Family Issues

The young person has disclosed or there is evidence of family dynamics and personal relationships that are negatively impacting on the young person’s ability to engage effectively with learning.

Drug/Alcohol Exposure/Misuse

The young person has disclosed or there is evidence of use or exposure to alcohol and/or other drugs, either at home, within a social context or personally.


The young person has disclosed or there is evidence that they face adversity through unemployment or low income in a home setting which is likely to put them at risk of completing their education.

Disability/Limited Capacity

The young person has a diagnosed condition or disability, which inhibits their potential to learn. The young person’s capacity to succeed in learning is limited due to a physical or health related condition creating special needs for this young person that are not able to be met in a mainstream learning setting. Current enrolments in a DECS special class are funded under DECS full enrolment, and they therefore cannot concurrently be enrolled as a FLO student.

Neglect, experience of trauma or emotional, physical, sexual abuse

They young person has been neglected and/or abused or has experienced trauma, for example as a refugee.

Homelessness/Living Independently

The student is living in supported accommodation, ‘couch surfing’, or not residing in a stable/semi-permanent environment, or is living independently and is self supporting.